State Enterprise “Research Institute of Microdevices”, STC “Institute for Single Crystals”, NAS of Ukraine (IMD) – is the largest Ukrainian scientific and manufacturer company specialized on development and manufacture of integration circuits, electronic devices and components. The objective conditions for the transition from the miniaturization of electronic equipment to the integrated electronics and microelectronics in the USSR and the United States formed by the early 60-ies.
The development of microelectronics has been associated from one hand with the achievements of fundamental and applied sciences in material science and semiconductor technology, and from the other hand with achievements of highly pure materials and the creation of high-technology equipment.
In January 1961, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the USSR rule the Resolution “On the development of the semiconductor industry”, which provided for the construction of factories and Research Institutes in Kiev, Minsk, Yerevan, and other cities. Microelectronics in Ukraine was developed in accordance with the overall strategy on the development of the mainstream of the Soviet electronics industry.
Design engineering bureau was transformed to Kiev Scientific Research Institute with pilot-production plant in 1966. The reason for this was the high level of development of the hybrid IC electronic devices and equipment on their basis. By the time of the Soviet Union collapse, Ukraine had a highly developed electronic industry and a huge potential for its further development on the basis of modern semiconductor technology and microelectronics.
Sunset of microelectronics in Ukraine began, when collapse on the market appeared (end of 80th – 90th). The main markets of electronic components were Russia (70%), the other 85 republics of the former Soviet Union (5%), Council for Mutual Economic Aid countries (5%). About 20% of the products consumed enterprises from Ukraine. Nevertheless a significant scientific, technical and industrial capacity remains in Ukraine was capable to assure the needs of domestic manufacture in electronic components up to 80-90 % (around 10-20% among them could be attributed to the products of the highest technical level).
For more than 50 years Institute has successfully led and now is trying to lead an active scientific and production activities. IMD has developed and implemented more than 400 different types of chips and micromachines in production.
With a view to revive electronics in Ukraine, The Ministry of Industrial Policy of Ukraine has been developed and submitted to the Cabinet of Ministers and the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine a National program for electronic industry development in Ukraine in 1999-2005 years. But the program has not been accepted. Taking into account the real possibilities of Ukraine, deteriorating economic situation of enterprises and the destruction of their fixed assets, new attempts in achieving new support from the Government were not successful as well.
III-nitride materials deposition and devices fabrication based on these materials (new-generation of IC, RGB-LED and high-brightness white LEDs, UV, IR detectors, detectors for ionizing and X-ray radiation detection, biosensors, radiation-resistive semiconductor devices), thermovision cameras, development of single-chip microcomputers, microprocessor chip sets, memory chips, programmable logic arrays, operational amplifiers, analog delay lines, digital filters, chips for telephony, automotive electronics, chips for video and radio equipment. Additionally, Institute accumulated background for the manufacture of epitaxial films on silicon, sapphire, silicon carbide substrates, deposition of thin metal and dielectric films, production of flexible elements on flexible aluminum-polyimide foil.
Researchers from our Institute have patens, publications in high impact scientific journals, publish monographs and textbooks, preparing young scientists – candidates and doctors of sciences. Under the guidance of Dr. A. Radkevich, Institute has an important scientific and technical programs, related to the development of energy-saving technologies, military-oriented technologies, light sources based on LEDs implementation in the production. Starting from 60-ies and up to now, a significant technological leap in the world happened. The challenges faced by the international and Ukrainian scientific community in particular, give an opportunities to join well developed scientific environment that will open new perspectives for the development of micro and nanotechnologies in Ukraine.
Today, Ukrainian companies specializing in the production of micro and nanotechnological products must rapidly adapt their vision and facility to modern conditions.
IMD has a significant potential and material resources that in combination with novel ideas effective management model and bright researchers should bring Ukrainian science on the same level with leading research laboratories and R&D companies till the time when nanotechnology revolution will start (nearly 2025). This should create necessary background for rapid development of Ukrainian industry with new competitive and emerging technologies.
Research Institute of Microdevices is at the dawn of nanotechnology establishment. Until now, the IMD has made a significant contribution to the scientific and technological development of Ukraine in the field of microelectronics. Researchers at the Research Institute of microdevices used to compare their scientific and technological achievements with the world level. Our researchers are able to plane their movement forward, focusing on the deep analysis of the prospects and the level of world scientific leaders of high developed countries.
Focusing solely on our efforts, we do hope that leadership of Ukraine will help us to create favorable conditions for the development of science and education of Ukraine and to grow generation of new brilliant Ukrainian scientists.
For more detailed history of the IMD (in chronological order), please check here.